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B26 1991 296.1'55— dc20 91-41879 CIP ISBN: 0-671-73454-7 ISBN: 0-671-79797-2 (pbk) Dedication L'abbaye de la fontaine vive, Avec sa chapelle lucide Ou Nostres Dames nous genent D'y habiter dans la cave Voutee.
We should like to thank the staff of Jonathan Cape, specifically Tom Maschler, Tony Colwell, Jenny Cottom, Lynn Boulton and Helen Donlon; and Alison Mansbridge our editor for her suggestions and the patience she displayed in the most arduous circumstances.
They may want publicity, recognition or social connections. The Steps Fundraisers talk of seven (or eight) steps in the research and cultivation process.
Identify potential donors (or ‘prospects’) There may be donors in your database who give small sums but could give more. Find out all you can: interests, hobbies, businesses. There is public information, but also see if anyone knows them.
One doesn't regard them even as one might the rusted weapons, the domestic utensils and appliances, the remnants of equipment or apparel that might be found at, say, the site of some Roman excavation in Britain.
The discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls in 1947 generated a flurry of excitement both in scholarly circles and among the general public.
It may be religious or altruistic motivation, a social conscience.
One doesn't expect to find a specimen of them while digging in one's back garden.Preface THE FOUR DEAD SEA SCROLLS Biblical manuscripts dating back to at least 200 BC are for sale.This would be an ideal gift to an educational or religbus institution by an individual or group. Such was the advertisement that appeared in the Wall Street Journal on 1 June 1954.The authors' questions begin in Israel, then lead them to the corridors of the Vatican and into the offices of the Inquisition. Baigent and Leigh advance startling theories that should change the way we view ancient Judaism and nascent Christianity. IV Published by Simon & Schuster New York by the same authors THE HOLY BLOOD AND THE HOLY GRAIL (with Henry Lincoln) THE MESSIANIC LEGACY (with Henry Lincoln) THE TEMPLE AND THE LODGE THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS DECEPTION Michael Baigent and Richard Leigh A TOGCHSTONE BOOK Published by Simon & Schuster New York London Toronto Sydney Tokyo Singapore TOUCHSTONE Rockefeller Center 1230 Avenue of the Americas New York, New York 10020 Copyright © 1991 by Michael Baigent and Richard Leigh All rights reserved including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form. Contents Acknowledgments Map of Qumran and the Dead Sea Preface I THE DECEPTION 1 The Discovery of the Scrolls 2 The International Team 3 The Scandal of the Scrolls 4 Opposing the Consensus 5 Academic Politics and Bureaucratic Inertia II THE VATICAN'S REPRESENTATIVES 6 The Onslaught of Science 7 The Inquisition Today III THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS 8 The Dilemma for Christian Orthodoxy 9 The Scrolls 10 Science in the Service of Faith 1 1 The Essenes 12 The Acts of the Apostles 13 James 'The Righteous' 14 Zeal for the Law 15 Zealot Suicide 16 Paul - Roman Agent or Informer?With the help of independent scholars, historical research, and careful analysis of available texts, the authors reveal what was at stake for these orthodox guardians: The Scrolls present startling insights into early Christianity —insights that challenge the Church's version of the "facts." More than just a dramatic expose of the intrigues surrounding these priceless documents. First Touchstone Edition 1993 TOUCHSTONE and colophon are registered trademarks of Simon & Schuster Inc. Dead Sea scrolls— Criticism, interpretation, etc.— History. Postscript Notes and References Bibliography Index Acknowledgments W e should like to thank Robert Eisenman for the generosity with which he made available to us his time, his energy and insights.